4ème 3- History and Geography- Second Period


Indonesia volcano


Channel deaths fuel UK-France tensions over migrant crisis.

Belarus-Poland border camp empties as migrants move to warehouse – BBC News

Tensions rise across Europe as countries introduce Covid measures and compulsory vaccines – BBC News


lesson 9

America’s Sources of Immigration (1850-Today)

A state-by-state look at the history of U.S. immigration, showing the leading country of origin for newcomers in each territory, by decade.

This is a state by state look at how immigration to America has changed over time.

In 1850, the vast majority of newcomers were from Ireland and Germany. In the 1860’s the labor shortages during the Civil War created strong demand for immigrant labor, nearly doubling the foreign born population in a decade. 1870 saw Mexico become the top country of origin in much of the Southwest, while British immigrants preferred the rocky mountain territories. The 1880 census showed that the Chinese were coming in large numbers. Many took dangerous jobs in the mines or on railroad building crews. For the next century immigrants from Canada crossing the southern border would be the largest group settling in many of the northernmost American states. In 1882 the Chinese Exclusion Act blocked the arrival of large numbers of Asian immigrants for much of the next century. Unfortunately the overall microdata for the 1890 census were destroyed in a 1921 fire at the Department of Commerce. So fast-forward to 1900, the turn of the century, when the territorial boundaries of the continental United States were settled. For the first time Norwegians, Swedes, and Italians were the largest groups coming to South Dakota, Minnesota and Louisiana, respectively.

1910 shows us how quickly things can change, with large numbers of Russians and Italians arriving, the only state where Ireland was the top country of origin was tiny Delaware. With the American population exceeded 100 million in the 1920 census, there were equal numbers of German, Italian, and Russian born immigrants. Many had fled Europe to escape the horrors of World War I. By 1930 the industrial revolution was in full swing, and the country was growing rapidly from within, so the percent of foreign born fell. And, for the first time since 1850, Mexico was the dominant country of origin for new arrivals to California.

By 1940, the quotas and other congressional measures passed in the previous decade to restrict immigration sharply cut the foreign born population to below 9%. 1950 saw the effects of the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act, as Chinese immigrants were finally welcomed back. Greeks were the largest group arriving in South Carolina. When Alaska and Hawaii became states in 1959, the year before the 1960 census, Canadians simply crossed the border to immigrate to The Last Frontier, but Filipinos crossed an entire ocean to become The Aloha State’s largest group. By 1970, the percentage of foreign born reached an all-time low. And with immigrants arriving from a wider range of countries, Italy was the only nation that had sent more than a million people.

In 1980, after Congress began granting more visas to people from the Western Hemisphere, the number of states where Mexico was the top country of origin doubled in a decade, becoming the dominant foreign born population in the entire country. And in 1990 America began to look like the diverse country we live in today. Mexico was tops in 18 states, Dominicans were the largest group coming to New York, and South Korea and Southeast Asian nations were the leading countries of origin in seven states. In the year 2000 census the number of Mexican-born immigrants surpassed nine million. It’s also notable that India was the top country of origin in three states. And the 2010 census reveals exactly why America is quickly becoming so diverse: only five states – all of them bordering Canada – received the most immigrants from a majority white country.

Lesson 8- European migration history in the 19th/20 th century

Ellis island quizz

Q1. What was Ellis Island?

A) An amusement park B) An immigration center near New York C) The first capital of the United States

Q2. How many immigrants passed through Ellis Island?

A)10 Million B)12 Million C) 30 Thousand D) 12 Thousand

Q3. Which is NOT a reason people left their homelands?

A) Famine B) Poverty  C) War D) Weather

Q4. Which is a reason people came to America?

A) Baseball B) Colleges C) Job opportunities D) Vacation

Q5. What was Ellis Island’s nickname?

A) Island of Dreams B) Golden Land C) Island of Tears D) Immigrant City

Q6. Why did doctors examine immigrants?

A) To make sure they didn’t spread an illness B) To give them medicine C) To track growth rates D) To give shots

Q7. What would happen if something was wrong with the immigrants health?

A) They would be given medicine B) They would be sent to the hospital

C) They would be sent through anyway D) They would be held for observation

Q8. Which is a reason immigrants could be sent back to their homeland?

A) They couldn’t speak English B) They were too young and didn’t come with a parent

C) They didn’t have enough money D) They didn’t know who the first President was

Q9. Who gave the Statue of Liberty to America?

A) England B) France C) Mexico D) Canada

Q10. What did the legal inspectors do?

A) Ask questions about an immigrants past B) Look over immigrants legal documents

C) Issue Social Security Cards D) Search immigrants luggage

Q11 . What processing station did Immigrants go through on the WEST coast?

A)Ellis Island B)Angel Island C) Devil Island D) Alcatraz

Lesson 7- International migrations

1-Human Population Through Time

2-Factors of migration

lesson 7 -Vocabulary  related to Migration

Immigration: **a person who moves to a country they were not born in.
Immigrant: **moving from a country.
Migrant:  ** movement to another country.
Emigration: ** a person who leaves their home country to reside in another.
Refugee:   ** a line, wall, or covering that encloses something.  
An Asylum-Seeker:  ** the reasons an immigrant is forced to leave their home.  
Push Factor:   ** a person wanting to enter a safer foreign country to escape fear or persecution in their home country.  
Border:   **a person who is forced to leave their country for safety.

*Answer this Quizz

Questions about migrations

doc 1.

Question doc 1). What does this picture represent?

A) push-pull factor     B) chain migration      C) internal migration

doc 2.

Question doc 2) . What idea does this represent?

A) internal migration              B) international migration      C) intraregional migration

Doc 3

Question doc 3. What idea does this represent?

A) refugee status        B) forced migration    C) internal migration

doc 4

Question doc 4 . What idea does this represent?

A) chain migration     B) immigration           C) forced migration

Question 5 . Factor that leads people to leave old residences (homes, cities etc).

A) push factor                        B) pull factor

Question 6. movement by people from one place to another .

A) forced migration   B) human migration   C) animal migration

Question 7.  factor that causes people to move to a new place

A) war             B) fear C) find a better place to live D) discover a new country

doc 8. source/ The Telegraph


Question 8. What is the number one reason why those people are on a boat

A) tourism             B) fishing        C) cross the channel to UK

Lesson- 6 American and French Revolution Quizz

Lesson 5French Revolution in music.

*Listen to the song and fill the gaps with this words:

Three Estates –nobles- feudalism-Egalité- Liberté-  Fraternité- no taxes- paying- revolution

poverty -my bread.- famine-peasants- Bad malnutrition

 Declaration of Rights-Women of Paris- weapons- French king-limited monarchy- constitution-French Revolution-

sans-culottes- War-must die- Europe armed -Guillotine –

no church-God- new calendar -going crazy- Robespierre-
new Directory -more destruction-coup d’Etat-Napoleon’s


The relics of ____________________
Revolution in France
Oh, the __________________________ ensured
________________________ favoritism
Revolution in France.

La la _________________
E E __________________
Fra __________________
A revolution
La la Liberte
E E galite
Fra Fra ternite
A _______________

Don’t want ________________
I’m _____________ too much
Let them eat cake
We had a banquet for lunch
I need _______________.
Bread bread bread off with her head.

It went from 8 sous to 12 in a year
Exactly what impoverished ______________
had feared
The royals jeered.
Ha ha ha there’s more for us.
(Ha ha ha there’s more for us)

There was a ___________
The peasants wouldn’t pay
_________________ and tooth decay.

It went from famine to Napoleon’s war
You and me, let’s start a revolution
We will not take this ________________ anymore
You and me, let’s start a revolution
On a tennis court we swore
to a _______________
Revolution in France
On July 14 we stormed the ____________;
we showed them
Revolution in France

La la Liberte
E E galite
Fra Fra ternite

The month of August 1789
No feudalism, ______________________
August Decrees
Swept away the two estates
_______________________ march down to Versailles
Carrying ________________________
The ___________________ they defied
You’ll give us bread.
__________________ bread or we’ll stab you dead.
(Bread _______________ or we’ll stab you dead)

A new constitution
With ______________________
It was a bad
time for France

We took on Austria, a _____________ in the spring
Europe frightened by our revolution
We will not take it Louis 16 _______________
Tension heightened by our revolution
Radical political mobs unite to start a
Revolution in France
Breech-less ________________ of the
Paris Commune demanded
Revolution in France

La la Liberte
E E galite
Fra Fra ternite
French Revolution
La la Liberte
E E galite
Fra Fra ternite
French Revolution

Walk, walk, scaffold, baby
___________________ was going crazy
Take heads of kings and ladies
_____________________for the invading
Walk, walk, scaffold, baby
Guillotine was ________________________
____________________, Reign of Terror
Did it for the Public Safety.

I want your loyalty
or I’ll get my revenge
I take you out till your rebellion ends.
Don’t want __________________
Catholicism’s dead
No room for _______________
Worship reason instead
Good ol Notre Dame became a
« _________________________________ »
Revolution in France
A ______________ with months named
for times and seasons
Revolution in France
A revolution!

The Terror ___________ and with

Robespierre gone
Was this the ending of the revolution?
Five members of a ___________________ ruled
Could it be a permanent solution?
Directory and legislature filled
with corruption
Revolution in France
Monarchists and war would cause even
_____________ __________________
Revolution in France

Ooh, oo, oo la la
Coup, coup, ____________________
Ooh, oo, oo la la
________________ here.